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What problems disturb the Ukrainians

Press release by Liana Novikova

 

On May 20-29, 2017 Kyiv International Institute of Sociology (KIIS) conducted an all-Ukrainian public opinion poll. Data were collected from 2040 respondents living in 108 settlements (PSU) in all oblasts of Ukraine (except for the AR of Crimea) with the method of personal interviewing. The sample was stochastic and is representative of the population of Ukraine aged 18 and above.

In Luhansk and Donetsk oblasts survey was conducted only in the territories that are controlled by the Ukrainian government.

The statistical sampling error (with a probability of 0.95 and for a design effect of 1.5) does not exceed:

3.3% — for indexes close to 50%,

2.8% — for indexes close to 25%,

2.0% — for indexes close to 10%,

1.4% — for indexes close to 5%.

 

As the results of the study show, the vast majority of respondents (72%) are concerned about the war in the East of Ukraine. Also, among the most worrying problems for the Ukrainians are the standard of living (60%), the economic situation (47%) and the security of Ukraine (21%).

Of all the problems mentioned in the question, the least the Ukrainians are concerned about the status of the Russian language in Ukraine (1%) and the relations between the citizens of Ukraine of different nationalities (2%).

Compared to 2016, the level of concern for social problems among citizens has not changed much, but the Ukrainians have become less concerned about the relations with Russia, and criminality.

 

By regions:

  • The war in the East of Ukraine is more of a concern for the people of the Western (75%) and the Eastern regions (82%) than for the inhabitants of Central (68%) and Southern regions (65%). The worries about the war increased in the Eastern region and declined somewhat in the Central region compared to 2016.
  • The living standards disturb  almost equally the inhabitants of the Central and Southern regions (65% and 69%, respectively), somewhat lower - the inhabitants of the Western region (57%), and the least of all living standards disturb the inhabitants of the Eastern region (35% in 2017 versus 56% in 2016).
  • The economic situation in Ukraine disturbs the inhabitants of the Eastern (58%) and Southern (50%) regions the most, and slightly less - the residents of the Central and Western regions (46% and 40% respectively).
  • The security of Ukraine disturbs almost equally the inhabitants of the Western (24%) and Southern (23%) regions, while the inhabitants of the Central (17%) and Eastern regions (18%) are slightly less concerned about it.
  • The relations with the European Union are more disturbing for the inhabitants of the Eastern region (11%) than to all others (Western - 2%, Central - 4%, Southern - 4%).
  • The relations with Russia are the most disturbing for the residents of the Southern (15%) and Eastern regions (12%), and relatively less - the inhabitants of the Central and Western regions (10% and 6% respectively).

 

By gender:

  • Significant differences in the fears of men and women were not found in most cases except for two situations: the standard of living disturbs women somewhat more than men (62% of women versus 57% of men), the political situation in Ukraine, on the contrary, is more of a concern for men (16% men versus 11% of women).

By the type of settlement (city-village):

  • The standard of living is more disturbing for the residents of the countryside than for city residents (65% versus 57%).
  • At the same time, the economic situation in Ukraine is of more concern for urban residents than for the villagers (50% versus 39%).
  • The criminality is also more disturbing for the Ukrainians who live in the cities (14%) than for the villagers (11%).
  • Greater concern among the urban population, in comparison with rural one, is also observed in relation to such issues as relations with Russia (12% vs. 7%) and annexation of the Crimea (5% vs. 2%).

By the level of education:

  • Significant differences in the fears of respondents from different educational groups were not found in most cases, except for the following situations: the economic situation in Ukraine is the least disturbing for people with incomplete secondary education (29%), compared to all other educational sectors (no less than 44%); environmental problems and relations with the European Union are somewhat less disturbing for people with the lowest level of education than for others.

By age, significant differences are not observed.

Addition. Formulation of the question from the questionnaire

Which of the public problems disturb you the most? Please, name, no more than three. If there this card does not contain the problem that bothers you the most, name it. CARD 3. NO MORE THAN THREE VARIANTS

Security of Ukraine 1
War in the East of Ukraine 2
Revival of the Ukrainian nation 3
Relations with the European Union 4
Relations with Russia 5
Relations between the citizens of Ukraine of different nationalities 6
Ecological (Chornobyl etc.) 7
Economic situation in Ukraine 8
Criminality 9
Annexation of the Crimea 10
Standard of living 11
Political situation in Ukraine 12
Status of the Russian language in Ukraine 13
Other (WRITE DOWN)___________________________________________ 14
DIFFICULT TO SAY 15
REFUSAL FROM ANSWERING 16
 

Tables

Which of the public problems disturb you the most? Please, name, no more than three. If there this card does not contain the problem that bothers you the most, name it.  (% of respondents who chose the problem in 2016 and 2017)

  Ukraine in general, 2017 Ukraine in general, 2016
War in the East of Ukraine 71.1 71.6
Standard of living 59.9 60.5
Economic situation in Ukraine 46.7 45.9
Security of Ukraine 21.0 20.9
Criminality 13.0 15.3
Political situation in Ukraine 12.9 13.9
Relations with Russia 10.4 13.4
Ecological (Chornobyl etc.) 4.8 6.3
Revival of the Ukrainian nation 4.6 6.1
Relations with the European Union 4.3 5.8
Annexation of the Crimea 4.1 4.1
Relations between the citizens of Ukraine of different nationalities 2.2 3.6
Status of the Russian language in Ukraine 1.2 0.5
Other 5.6 4.4
DIFFICULT TO SAY 0.4 1.0
REFUSAL FROM ANSWERING 0.0 0.6

                                                                                                                  

By regions:

Which of the public problems disturb you the most? Please, name, no more than three. If there this card does not contain the problem that bothers you the most, name it.  (% of respondents who chose the problem in 2016 and 2017)

  Західний Центральний Південний Східний
Security of Ukraine 23.7 17.5 24.6 17.9
War in the East of Ukraine 74.7 68.5 65.5 81.5
Revival of the Ukrainian nation 6.9 5.3 2.3 2.2
Relations with the European Union 1.9 4.1 3.7 10.6
Relations with Russia 6.3 9.6 15.1 12.0
Relations between the citizens of Ukraine of different nationalities 2.2 2.7 1.7 1.5
Ecological (Chornobyl etc.) 5.5 4.8 6.4 0.6
Economic situation in Ukraine 39.2 46.1 49.8 57.6
Criminality 12.9 14.5 13.8 7.6
Annexation of the Crimea 3.5 4.3 4.6 3.9
Standard of living 56.8 65.2 68.7 35.0
Political situation in Ukraine 14.9 10.3 15.4 11.3
Status of the Russian language in Ukraine 1.9 0.6 0.6 2.6
Other 6.1 6.4 4.4 4.7
DIFFICULT TO SAY 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.8
REFUSAL FROM ANSWERING 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

By gender:

Which of the public problems disturb you the most? Please, name, no more than three. If there this card does not contain the problem that bothers you the most, name it.  (% of respondents who chose the problem in 2016 and 2017)

  Male Female
Security of Ukraine 22.3 19.9
War in the East of Ukraine 71.1 71.1
Revival of the Ukrainian nation 5.1 4.1
Relations with the European Union 5.1 3.6
Relations with Russia 10.3 10.5
Relations between the citizens of Ukraine of different nationalities 1.9 2.4
Ecological (Chornobyl etc.) 4.0 5.6
Economic situation in Ukraine 47.5 46.0
Criminality 12.8 13.1
Annexation of the Crimea 4.0 4.2
Standard of living 57.4 61.9
Political situation in Ukraine 15.7 10.7
Status of the Russian language in Ukraine 1.4 1.1
Other 5.4 5.7
DIFFICULT TO SAY 0.4 0.4
REFUSAL FROM ANSWERING 0.0 0.0


By type of settlement:

Which of the public problems disturb you the most? Please, name, no more than three. If there this card does not contain the problem that bothers you the most, name it.  (% of respondents who chose the problem in 2016 and 2017)

  Urban population Countryside population
Security of Ukraine 20.9 21.1
War in the East of Ukraine 70.7 71.8
Revival of the Ukrainian nation 5.3 3.0
Relations with the European Union 5.3 2.3
Relations with Russia 12.0 7.3
Relations between the citizens of Ukraine of different nationalities 2.7 1.2
Ecological (Chornobyl etc.) 5.5 3.5
Economic situation in Ukraine 50.5 39.2
Criminality 14.1 10.8
Annexation of the Crimea 5.1 2.2
Standard of living 57.3 65.0
Political situation in Ukraine 13.8 11.2
Status of the Russian language in Ukraine 1.5 0.7
Other 4.4 8.0
DIFFICULT TO SAY 0.5 0.2
REFUSAL FROM ANSWERING 0.0 0.0

 

By the level of education:

Which of the public problems disturb you the most? Please, name, no more than three. If there this card does not contain the problem that bothers you the most, name it.  (% of respondents who chose the problem in 2016 and 2017)

  Incomplete secondary Complete secondary Secondary special Higher
Security of Ukraine 17.1 21.4 21.2 21.6
War in the East of Ukraine 68.7 72.5 69.0 72.4
Revival of the Ukrainian nation 2.6 3.8 4.3 6.2
Relations with the European Union 0.4 4.2 4.1 5.7
Relations with Russia 9.8 9.9 10.8 10.8
Relations between the citizens of Ukraine of different nationalities 2.9 1.6 2.3 2.4
Ecological (Chornobyl etc.) 1.1 4.0 5.7 6.0
Economic situation in Ukraine 29.2 44.2 49.5 51.2
Criminality 11.9 12.7 14.4 12.2
Annexation of the Crimea 6.1 2.9 5.0 3.9
Standard of living 64.8 63.2 57.3 57.1
Political situation in Ukraine 8.9 11.6 13.5 15.0
Status of the Russian language in Ukraine 0.9 1.7 1.3 0.9
Other 8.9 6.6 4.6 4.8
DIFFICULT TO SAY 0.0 0.8 0.1 0.4
REFUSAL FROM ANSWERING 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

 For further commentary please contact Liana Novikova: +38 (093) 4970764. l.novikova.kiis.com.ua


22.6.2017
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