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What to present to women on the march 8th ? Women-politicians: to what extent the population of Ukraine trust them?

Press release by Tetiana Piaskovska and Volodymyr Paniotto

 

Probably most of those who are planning to congratulate women on March 8th have already bought the gifts. However, if someone is still undecided, our press release may give a hint. For several years now, KIIS has asked women what they would like to receive as a gift on March 8. In addition, we are interested in men's plans and see that they take into account our tips.

 

In this poll, we also decided to pay attention to the population`s trust to female politicians. 

 

According to the results of the poll, top 7 presents women want to receive are flowers, jewelry, romantic journey, money, care and attention, toilet water or perfume, and romantic dinner. Compared to 2017, the percentage of those women who want to receive money as a gift got bigger.

 Among those women who were in the list we asked about, the best trust-mistrust balance have O.Syroid and V.Lutkovska (the difference between them is insignificant), on the second place are O.Bogomolets and I.Herashchenko (the difference is significant but not big), on the third place – Y.Tymoshenko and N.Savchenko.

 

The higher is the level of acquaintance with one or another woman - the higher is the level of distrust.

 

 On February 09-18, 2018, Kyiv International Institute of Sociology (KIIS) conducted its own public opinion poll. Data were collected from 2043 respondents living in 110 settlements (PSU) in all oblasts of Ukraine (except for the AR of Crimea) with the method of personal interviewing. In Luhansk and Donetsk oblasts survey was conducted only in the territories that are controlled by the Ukrainian government. The sample is representative of the population of Ukraine aged 18 and above.

The statistical sampling error (with a probability of 0.95 and for a design effect of 1.5) does not exceed: 3.3% — for indexes close to 50%, 2.8% — for indexes close to 25%, 2.0% — for indexes close to 10%, 1.4% — for indexes close to 5%.


What to present to women on the 8th of March?

Men were asked: “What present do you really want to gift to your beloved woman for March 8th?”

Women were asked: “What present do you really want to receive from your beloved man for March 8th?” 

The survey revealed that:

  • 25% of women want to receive flowers, 32% of men planned to give flowers;

  • 10% of women would like to receive care and attention as a gift (was 12% in 2017), and only 6% of men plan to present it.

  • jewelry is a desired present for 8% of women, 6% of men plan to give it;

  • 7% of women would like to be gifted with a romantic journey, the same amount of men (7%) plan to give it;

  • money is a desired present for 7% of women, and only 3% of men plan to give it;

  • 6% of women want to receive toilet water, perfume, or cosmetics, 6% of men plan to gift it;

  • 4% would like to have a romantic dinner on that day, 5% of men plan to present it;

  • among women, 9% said that they did not have a person from whom they are expecting presents, and 8% of men said they had nobody to give a present to. The number of such men slightly increased compared to 2017 (then it was 5%

As we see, in general, the desires of women and the plans of men almost coincide, there are significant differences in four positions: men give flowers more often than women would like them to (32% men versus 25% women), women want more care and attention (10% of women vs. 6 % of men) and money (7% of women vs. 3% of men), men give jewelry less often than women would like them to (8% of women vs. 6% of men).

 

Comparing the data of the last survey with the answers of the past years, we see:

 

Compared to 2017, women now are less likely to want the items of clothing and footwear as gifts (was - 5%, now - 2%), and much less – to receive care, attention and kind words as a gift (it was 12%, now it is 6%). Perhaps, the point is not that women do not want attention and kind words, but that now more women than before decided that a good word and a gift is better than just a good word. Somewhat fewer women mentioned the money as a gift, compared to last year (it was 5%, now it is 3%).

Men's plans have not changed significantly compared to 2017, only that somewhat less of them plan to give perfumes and cosmetics this year (it was 8%, it was 6%).


Graph 1. Plans of men and expectations of women concerning the presents for the 8th of March, February 2018
(gifts on the X axis are arranged by the decrease of difference between men's intentions and the expectations of women)

 

The level of trust in female politicians and public figures 

In this study, we decided to ask the Ukrainians about the trust to female politicians and public figures. There were six names of female politicians on the list. The question was about the acquaintance with these women and trust to them.

The study showed that:

  • The most familiar female politicians are Yulia Tymoshenko (98%) and Nadiia Savchenko (95%),in the second place there areOlga Bogomolets (77%) and Iryna Herashchenko (74%); the least familiar to people female politicians are Valeriia Lutkovska (35%) and Oksana Syroid (47%).

  • The level of trust to each of these women is lower than the level of trust.

  • The lowest level of trust is to Valiriia Lutkovska (6%), Oksana Syroid (8%), and Nadia Savchenko (10%)

  • The highest level of trust is to Olga Bogomolets (18%) and Yuliia Tymoshenko (17%), a little lower one is to Iryna Herashchenko (15%).

  • According to the trust-mistrust balance (the percentage of those who trusts minus the percentage of those who do not trust), the best indices have Oksana Syroid and Valeriia Lutkovska (balance -11%), Olga Bogomolets (-14%), and Irina Herashchenko (-19%), then Yulia Tymoshenko (-44%), who has a relatively high level of trust, but the level of mistrust is quite high for Nadiya Savchenko (-56%).

In general, there is a correlation – the more familiar the woman is, the less trust people express to her. 

 

Table 1.

Presents that women want to receive and men plan to gift

QUESTION FOR MEN: What present do you really want to gift to your beloved woman for March 8th?

QUESTION FOR WOMEN: What present do you really want to receive from your beloved man for March 8th?

  MALE
Options 2009  2010  2011 2013 2014 2016 2017 2018
 
Flowers 31.8 32.4 35 30.6 38.0 29.7 33.6 32
Toilet water, perfume, cosmetics 8.7 8.1 5.4 5.9 6.4 8.3 8.2 6
Romantic dinner 3.3 3.2 4.3 7.7 5.3 5.1 6.4 5
Garment or footwear 2.2 2.9 1.7 2.9 2.1 2.7 3.6 2
Jewelry 9.8 8.9 8.5 9.7 6.9 8.8 7.1 6
House, apartment 2.6 3.6 2.4 3.1 1.6 1.3 2.8 2
Electronic devices 4 2.2 1.5 2.7 2.4 3.8 3.6 1
Romantic journey 4.3 6.8 7.5 5.3 4.1 6.4 5.8 7
Money 4.6 4.7 4.6 3.3 4.5 4.6 4.1 3
Care, attention, kind word 6.4 5.7 9.7 5.9 8.1 6.4 5.6 6
Automobile 3.1 2 2.5 3.1 2.5 1.0 1.0 1
Household stuff 1.1 1.3 1.6 1.6 2.2 1.9 1.0 1
Books, magazine subscription 0.1 0.6 0.1 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.3 0
Toy 0.7 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.1 0.5 0
Pet 0.9 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.1 0.7 0.3 0
Child 0.9 0.7 1 1.0 0.8 0.2 0.9 1
I do not give presents / I am not given presents 1.6 1.3 1.9 2.1 1.7 4.0 2.0 6
Nothing 1.5 1.7 0.9 1.4 2.1 2.0 1.5 2
No such person 4.9 4.7 3.3 5.2 4.4 5.1 4.5 8
DIFFICULT TO SAY / DO NOT KNOW 7.5 8.4 7.3 7.1 5.7 7.7 7.0 9
TOTAL 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

 

  FEMALE
Options 2009  2010  2011 2013 2014 2016 2017 2018
 
Flowers 19.3 25.9 19.3 25.9 28.4 23.3 26.8 25
Toilet water, perfume, cosmetics 4.7 6 4.5 5.1 4.7 5.9 5.1 6
Romantic dinner 2.2 2.7 4.2 4.5 3.7 3.4 4.1 4
Garment or footwear 2.6 3.1 2.2 2.1 3.1 3.4 4.5 2
Jewelry 9.2 9.1 8.6 8.3 5.6 9.4 7 8
House, apartment 4.4 4.4 5.4 3.7 3.3 2.7 2.7 1
Electronic devices 3 2 2.3 2.2 3.6 3.7 2.5 2
Romantic journey 5.3 6.4 7.2 6.3 5.9 6.6 5.9 7
Money 6 6.7 6.5 4.3 3.3 6.4 5 7
Care, attention, kind word 13.9 12.9 13.5 11.3 11.8 9.7 12.2 10
Automobile 3.1 1.8 2.1 2.2 1.4 1.7 1.5 1
Household stuff 1.6 2.1 1.8 1.0 1.8 1.2 1.6 1
Books, magazine subscription 0.5 0.9 1 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.2 0
Toy 0.1 0.1 0.7 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.1 0
Pet 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.5 1.1 0.7 0.4 0
Child 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.4 0
I do not give presents / I am not given presents 2 0.7 1 2.0 1.4 2.3 2.3 4
Nothing 3.3 1.5 2.3 1.9 2.8 3.5 1.5 4
No such person 13.4 6.4 10.9 11.3 10.4 9.3 8.1 9
DIFFICULT TO SAY / DO NOT KNOW 4.8 6.7 5.6 6.3 6.0 5.7 8 7
TOTAL 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

 

Table 2. Trust to female politicians 

I will now read you the names of some women - public-political leaders. For each one, tell me whether you know, heard or read something about him or her? IF “KNOW’ To what extent do you trust her? CARD XX. ONLY ONE ANSWER IN A ROW.

 

  Do NOT trust at all Rather NOT trust Difficult to say Rather trust Fully trust DO NOT KNOW HER
1. Olga Bogomolets 14.5 16.8 27.7 14.6 3.1 23.3
2. Iryna Herashchenko 17.0 16.7 25.2 12.5 2.5 26.0
3. Veleriia Lutkovska 8.1 8.1 13.4 4.8 ,8 64.8
4. Nadiia Savchenko 38.9 26.7 19.9 7.8 2.1 4.6
5. Oksana Syroid 10.3 8.1 20.5 6.8 1.2 53.1
6. Yuliia Tymoshenko 37.5 24.1 19.0 11.2 6.0 2.2

 

Table 3. Level of familiarity and trust to female politicians. Arranged by the trust balance.

  Know about her, % Trust Difficult to say Not trust Trust-mistrust balance
Oksana Syroid 46.9 8.0 20.5 18.4 -10.5
Valeriia Lutkovska 35.2 5.6 13.4 16.1 -10.5
Olga Bogomolets 76.7 17.7 27.7 31.3 -13.6
Iryna Herashchenko 74.0 15.0 25.2 33.8 -18.8
Yulia Tymoshenko 97.8 17.2 19.0 61.6 -44.3
Nadiia Savchenko 95.4 9.9 19.9 65.6 -55.6

 

Regarding the commentary please contact Volodymyr Paniotto (v.paniotto@gmail.com) and Tetiana Piaskovska (tpiaskovskaya@kiis.com.ua).

 


6.3.2018
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