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Self-assessment of the feeling of happiness (May 2018)
Press release by Yulia Sakhno
On May 18-30, 2018, Kyiv International Institute of Sociology (KIIS) conducted an all-Ukrainian public opinion poll. Data were collected from 2025 respondents living in 108 settlements in all oblasts of Ukraine (except for the AR of Crimea) with the method of personal interviewing (CAPI – computer-assisted personal interviewing). The sample was stochastic, and it is representative of the population of Ukraine aged 18 and above.
In Luhansk and Donetsk oblasts survey was conducted only in the territories that are controlled by the Ukrainian government.
The statistical sampling error (with a probability of 0.95 and for a design effect of 1.5) does not exceed:
3.3% — for indexes close to 50%,
2.8% — for indexes close to 25%,
2.0% — for indexes close to 10%,
1.4% — for indexes close to 5%.
More than half of the Ukrainians consider themselves to be happy. According to the results of a survey conducted by the Kiev International Institute of Sociology, in May 2018, 63% of the Ukrainians felt happy or rather happy, 16% felt partly happy, partly not, and 17% were unlucky or rather unlucky.
Compared to the last year, the share of happy ones increased by 10 percentage points: from 53% in May 2017 to 63% in May 2018. One of the reasons of such change may be some improvement in the financial well-being of the population: according to the self-assessment results, the share of not poor people grew from 30% to 37% during the year.
* For 2012-2013, the average annual indicator is given. The level of happiness is the percentage of those who consider themselves to be happy / more likely to be a happy person. The level of well-being is the percentage of those who have money not only for food and clothing.
The sense of happiness depends on many factors, including socio-demographic characteristics, quality of life, social environment, etc.
The results of the survey show that young people are generally happier than older ones, and the level of happiness decreases almost linearly with age. In 2018, among young people aged 18-29, 79% felt happy, among those 30-39 years old - 72%, 40-49 years old - 65%, 50-59 years - 57%, 60-69 years - 47% , older than 70 years - 45%. Reduce in the proportion of happy people with the age is associated with deterioration of health, as well as with a worse material situation and loneliness, which elderly often face.
The higher is the level of well-being, the more people feel happy. Thus, among the poorest (not enough money even for food), 40% called themselves happy, among those who have money only for food - 58%, among people with average income (enough for food, clothes, may save some) - 74%, among people with an income that is above average (can buy expensive items) - 85%.
Health is a very important condition for a sense of happiness: among those who have very good health, 88% feel happy, among those with very poor health, only 18% are happy.
By habitat, residents of the Western region tend to feel a little happier: in May 2018, in the Western region, 68% felt happy, in the Central region - 63%, in the South region - 59%, in the Eastern region - 60%.
Commentary of V.Paniotto, General Director of KIIS
The increase in the level of happiness of the Ukrainian population is a thing that is very pleasant to hear. There is, however, the possibility that part of this dynamics is related to methodological reasons. Previous omnibus studies, which had questions about happiness, were obtained with the use of paper questionnaires.
In September 2017, KIIS switched to more advanced research technology and started using CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview). And this research was also conducted on the new technology. Interviewers conducted a survey using tablets. This technology provides you with the better control of the interviewer giving the information about several parameters (for example, GPS shows if it really was in the village that got to the sample), which increased the quality of data. But so far we can not assess whether technology change has a significant impact on the change in indicators, this is the subject of further research.
Table 1. Distribution of answers to the question “Dou you consider yourself a happy person?”, May 2018, %
Table 2. Distribution of answers to the question “Dou you consider yourself a happy person?” by age, May 2018, %
Table 3. Distribution of answers to the question “Dou you consider yourself a happy person?” by the self-assessment of financial well-being, May 2018, %
Table 4. Distribution of answers to the question “Dou you consider yourself a happy person?” by the self-assessment of health status, May 2018, %
Table 5. Distribution of answers to the question “Dou you consider yourself a happy person?” by macroregions, May 2018, %
Westernmacroregion – Volynska, Zakarpatska, Ivano-Frankivska, Lvivska, Rivnenska, Ternopilska, Khmelnytska, Chernivets`ka oblasts (regions); Centralmacroregion – Kyiv city, Kyivs`ka, Vinnytska, Zhytomyrska, Kirovohradska, Poltavska, Sumska, Cherkaska, Chernihivska oblasts; Southmacroregion – Dnipropetrovska, Zaporizka, Mykolaivska, Odeska, Khersonska oblasts; Easternmacroregion – Kharkivska, Donetska, Luhanska oblasts (without the temporarily occupied territories).
Table 6. Dynamics of the feeling of happiness (2001-2018)*, %
* For 2012-2013, the combined average annual indicator is presented. From May 2015, data are provided for Ukraine without the temporarily occupied territories (the AR of Crimea, parts of Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts).Regarding the commentary contact, please, Yulia Sakhno: email@example.com