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The right of Ukrainian citizens to freely dispose of their land / share

Prepared by Anton Grushetsky

From November 30 to December 14, 2018, the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology (KIIS) conducted its own all-Ukrainian public opinion poll. By the method of personal interview 2,034 respondents who live in 110 settlements of all regions of Ukraine (except the Crimea) were interviewed in a 4-step stochastic sample that is representative for the population of Ukraine under the age of 18.

In Luhansk and Donetsk regions, the poll was conducted only on the territory controlled by the Ukrainian authorities.

The statistical sampling error (with a probability of 0.95 and a design effect of 1.5) does not exceed: 3.3% for indicators close to 50%, 2.8% - for indicators close to 25%, 2.0% - for indicators close to 10%, 1.4% - for indicators close to 5%.      

66.3% of respondents believe that a citizen of Ukraine possessing land / land shares should have the right to freely dispose of it, including the right to sell. 17.1% believe that a citizen should not have this right. Another 16.6% couldn’t decide or refused to answer the question.

 

Comment of the Deputy Director of KIIS Anton Grushetsky: The opinions of the Ukrainian population regarding the issue of land purchase / sale are ambivalent. According to the joint study of KIIS, the Rating and the Razumkov Center conducted in the second half of October (the total number of respondents was 10,000), if the question was formulated "If today a referendum was held on the question of the purchase / sale of agricultural land, how would you vote?", then 72% would vote "against", and only 13% would vote "for". That is, voting in a hypothetical referendum on the "purchase / sale of agricultural land" gives diametrically opposite results than the idea of a citizen's personal right to sell his land / share.

 

First, the public opinion on this issue is not crystallized. Secondly, the opinions of the population are susceptible and sensitive to various manipulative statements, which cause high sensitivity to the formulation of the question in social surveys (and as a consequence, the opposite results). Obviously, there is a lack of reliable information on this issue, which would be trusted by ordinary citizens of the country and which would allow to form a stable public opinion.


Chart 1

In your opinion, whether a citizen of Ukraine, who owns land / land share, has the right to freely dispose of it, including the right to sell?

(% among all respondents)


Below, in Table 1, the distribution of answers to the question is given in the context of individual socio-demographic segments.

Table 1

In your opinion, whether a citizen of Ukraine, who owns land / land share, has the right to freely dispose of it, including the right to sell?
(% of all respondents of the corresponding socio-demographic layer)

100% in a row Respondents’ amount Yes No Hard to say
Sex        
male 803 67,5 17,3 15,1
female 1231 65,2 16,9 17,9
Age        
18-29 years old 381 71,4 10,3 18,4
30-39 years old 348 71,2 14,0 14,8
40-49 years old 375 68,5 13,3 18,3
50-59 years old 379 63,6 22,3 14,1
60-69 years old 300 62,2 21,8 16,0
70+ years old 251 56,2 25,3 18,4
Region        
West 565 78,2 9,2 12,7
Center 697 63,7 23,2 13,1
South 497 62,0 17,1 21,0
East 275 56,9 17,0 26,1
Type of settlement        
Village 683 69,4 16,4 14,2
City with population up to 20 thousand 250 65,9 19,7 14,4
City with population up to 20-99 thousand 129 73,9 11,6 14,5
A city with a population of 100 thousand or more 972 63,1 17,7 19,2
Education        
Incomplete middle and lower 107 62,4 22,9 14,7
Full Medium 486 62,0 19,0 19,0
Secondary specialist (technical school, etc.) 695 68,8 15,8 15,4
Higher 740 67,4 16,0 16,6
The main occupation        
A worker, an agricultural worker 311 70,4 14,9 14,7
Officer (non-physical work for which no higher education is required) 224 63,7 13,8 22,5
Specialist (non-physical work, for which higher education is required) 289 70,7 14,8 14,6
Individual employment, entrepreneurs, farmers 194 70,6 14,3 15,1
I lead a household 193 69,9 14,8 15,3
I am retired (by age, due to invalidity) 576 58,3 24,1 17,5
I study (student, student) 83 73,5 12,7 13,7
I am looking for a job (unemployed) 104 63,5 14,9 21,5
Financial position of the household        
We do not have enough money even for food 223 61,1 20,7 18,2
We have enough money for food, but it's hard to buy clothes 804 63,5 18,6 17,9
We have enough money for food, clothes and we can postpone a little bit, but this is not enough to buy expensive things (such as a fridge or TV) 742 70,6 15,0 14,4
We can afford to buy some expensive things (such as a TV or a fridge) / We can afford to buy everything we want. 156 67,0 16,5 16,5

 


Annex 1. Formulation of questions from the questionnaire

In your opinion, whether a citizen of Ukraine, who owns land / land share, should have the right to freely dispose of it, including having the right to sell? (% among all respondents)

100% in a row Ukraine in a whole West Center South East
Yes, they should 66,3 78,2 63,7 62,0 56,9
No, they shouldn’t 17,1 9,2 23,2 17,1 17,0
HARD TO SAY 16,6 12,7 13,1 21,0 26,1
REFUSAL 0,8 0,5 0,4 1,1 1,8

 


18.12.2018
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