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Migration intentions of the population of Ukraine in April 2018
Press release by Oleksii Lyshtva
According to a recent KIIS poll, 7% of adult Ukrainians plan to go abroad in the next six months for the long-term stays, work, study or emigration, but most of them have not taken any concrete steps for this yet. The most popular country among those who want to leave Ukraine is Poland.
On April 3- 20, 2018, Kyiv International Institute of Sociology (KIIS) conducted an all-Ukrainian public opinion poll. Data were collected from 4005 respondents living in 110 settlements in all oblasts of Ukraine (except for the AR of Crimea) with the method of personal interviewing. The sample was stochastic, and it is representative of the population of Ukraine aged 18 and above.
In Luhansk and Donetsk oblasts survey was conducted only in the territories that are controlled by the Ukrainian government.
The statistical sampling error (with a probability of 0.95 and for a design effect of 1.5) does not exceed: 2.3% — for indexes close to 50%, 2% — for indexes close to 25%, 1.4% — for indexes close to 10%, 1% — for indexes close to 5%.
The majority of respondents (namely, 86%) are not going to travel abroad in the next 6 months for a long stay. Only 7% of respondents said they were going to leave, and 6% were hesitant. However, only 62% of respondents who plan to travel abroad have already made concrete steps for this.
Those polled who plan to go abroad could name one or more countries where they intend to move. The country with the largest share of those wishing to go abroad for a long-term stay in Poland (36%). Thrice fewer respondents chose the Czech Republic and Germany: 12% and 11%, respectively. Russia was named only by 7% of the polled, and the USA – by 6%. Italy and Canada as destinations for a long stay were chosen by 5% and 3% of respondents, respectively. Hungary and France were chosen by 2%. The last country that is closing ten of the most popular countries is Israel (1%). Other countries indicated no more than 1% of respondents.
16% of the polled have not decided with the country of transit, while the remaining 6% did not answer.
Commentary of Volodymyr Paniotto
In December 2017. on the order of the “Dzerkalo Tyzhnia” magazine, we have already conducted studies on migration (see the article based on the materials of that study by Y.Mostov, S.Rahmanin, "Bleeding. Why Ukrainians Leave Their Country.” Dzerkalo Tyzhnia, January 27. 2018 https: // dt.ua/internal/krovotecha-chomu-ukrayinci-pokidayut-svoyu-krayinu-267394_.html). This study somewhat clarifies the situation. In December, 17% of the respondents expressed the willingness to move out for the question "Are you ready to leave the country?" (the sum of the first two responses in Table K1).
Ê1. Are you ready to leave the country?
These are the people who are generally ready to leave temporarily or permanently for a short period or for a long time, that is, it is the maximum possible potential for emigration. This time (in April), we asked about those who are not only abstractly ready but who specifically plan to leave in the next 6 months. This category is close to that 6 % who are ready to leave and take some steps to this (the first answer in Table K1), now the amount of those who plan to leave is 7%, the difference is insignificant.
In December 2017. we also asked the question: "If you had a choice where to go for earnings for the same salary, where would you go first?" The relative majority of these potential emigrants named Germany (14% of those who are ready to leave) and Poland (13%). But in April 2018. among those who are really planning to leave, in the first place is Poland - 36%, followed by the Czech Republic (13%) and Germany (11%). This is the difference between dreams, an abstract desire ("if you had a choice ..") and a reality when such choice is limited. They would like to go to Germany, but the vast majority will go to Poland.
Addition 1. Formulation of the questions from the questionnaire
D8. Tell me, please, do you plan to go abroad for the long stay (over 3 months), work, studying or emigration in the next 6 months?
D9. Which country do you plan to move in?
D10. Tell me, please, have you already made concrete steps for this: searched for work, housing in this country, appealed to the state authorities for permits, etc.?
Addition 2. Tables
Table 1. Do you plan to go abroad for the long stay (over 3 months), work, studying or emigration in the next 6 months?
Table 2. By regions, %:
Table 3. By sex, %:
Table 4. By age, %:
Table 5. By level of education, %:
Table 6. Have you already made concrete steps for this: searched for work, housing in this country, appealed to the state authorities for permits, etc.?
Table 7. Which country do you plan to move in? (Respondent could have named more than one)
Regarding the commentary contact, please, Oleksii Lyshtva: firstname.lastname@example.org