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Trust to social institutes, December 2018

By Volodymyr Paniotto, CEO of KIIS

On November 30 – December 14, 2018, Kyiv International Institute of Sociology (KIIS) conducted an all-Ukrainian public opinion poll. Data were collected from 2034 respondents living in 110 settlements (PSU) in all oblasts of Ukraine (except for the AR of Crimea) with the method of personal interviewing. The sample was stochastic, 4-staged, and it is representative of the population of Ukraine aged 18 and above.

In Luhansk and Donetsk oblasts survey was conducted only in the territories that are controlled by the Ukrainian government.

The statistical sampling error (with a probability of 0.95 and for a design effect of 1.5) does not exceed: 3.3% — for indexes close to 50%, 2.8% — for indexes close to 25%, 2.0% — for indexes close to 10%, 1.4% — for indexes close to 5%.

 

The most trusted category among the Ukrainians is ordinary people living nearby (68%), volunteers who are helping the army and displaced people (63% and 61%), the church (51%), and the armed forces of Ukraine (51%). The least trust belongs to the government of Ukraine (11%), the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (8%) and Russian media (4%). In general, the level of trust in some institutions has changed somewhat over the year (see Table 1).

Ordinary people in your settlement. The level of trust is the highest, but the confidence level has gone down by 5 percentage points compared to 2017 (from 73% to 68%), and the trust-mistrustbalance has decreased by 9 percentage points (from 65% to 56%).

Volunteers. The level of trust is also one of the highest, but it has dropped dramatically over the last year: the balance of trust-mistrust to volunteers helping the army dropped by 6 percentage points (from 53% to 47%), the trust-mistrust balance to volunteers assisting displaced people decreased by 14 percentage points (from 61% to 47%). According to the regional distribution, the volunteers helping the army acquire the most trust in the Western region (70%), and the least trust they receive in the East (59%). On the contrary, volunteers who help displaced people are most trusted in the Eastern region (66%), and the least – in the Central (57%).

Church. The church remains one of the leaders in the trust rating of the Ukrainians throughout the years of observation. However, the trust rate has fallen by 6 percentage points (from 57% to 51%) over the past year, and the trust-mistrust balance decreased by 12 percentage points (from 40% to 28%). According to the regional distribution, the church is most trusted in the West region (69%), and the least – in Central (42%).

Armed Forces of Ukraine. The trust level did not change significantly (51%) compared to 2017, the trust-mistrust balance decreased by 6 percentage points (from 30% to 24%). According to the regional distribution, the Armed Forces are the most trusted in the Western region (62%), the least - in the Eastern (28%).

Government institutions. Government institutions (the Government and the Verkhovna Rada) traditionally receive the least trust from the population and have a very low balance of trust and mistrust (-63%). At the same time, the balance of trust to the government did not change compared to the previous year, and the balance of trust to the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine has slightly increased (from -77% to -72%). The pro-European opposition (“Batkivshchyna”, “Samopomich”, etc.) has a better trust-mistrust balance (24% trusts and 47% does not trust) than the opposition from the former government (“Oppozytsiynyi block”, “Za jyttia”) - 16% trust and 58% do not trust but both balances are negative.

The level of trust to the President of Ukraine is steadily low (16% trust, 70% do not trust), the balance is also negative (-54%), the situation has not changed in the course of 2017-2018. According to the regional distribution, the President of Ukraine is most trusted in the Central region (19% ), the least – in the Eastern (12%).

Graph 1. Dynamics of the level of trust in social institutions, 2017–2018


Addition

Formulations of the questions from the questionnaire

I will now name some social institutions. Tell me, please, how much trust do you have to those ones I name?

  Fully trust Rather trust Difficult to say Rather do not trust Do not trust at all DENIAL FROM ANSWERING
President of Ukraine 1 2 3 4 5 9
Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine 1 2 3 4 5 9
Government of Ukraine 1 2 3 4 5 9
Armed Forces of Ukraine 1 2 3 4 5 9
Security Service of Ukraine 1 2 3 4 5 9
National police 1 2 3 4 5 9
Patrol police 1 2 3 4 5 9
Church 1 2 3 4 5 9
Ukrainian mass media 1 2 3 4 5 9
Russian mass media 1 2 3 4 5 9
Pro-European opposition (“Batkivshchyna”, “Samopomich”, etc.) 1 2 3 4 5 9
Opposition from the former government (“Oppozytsiynyi block”, “Za jyttia”) 1 2 3 4 5 9
Non-Governmental Organizations   1 2 3 4 5 9
Ordinary people in your settlement 1 2 3 4 5 9
Volunteers helping the army 1 2 3 4 5 9
Volunteers helping displaced people 1 2 3 4 5 9
Displaced people 1 2 3 4 5 9

 

Table 1.Trust to social institutions, % of respondents

  Omnibus, December 2017 Omnibus, December 2018
Social institutions and categories of the population Trust Mistrust Trust-mistrust balance Trust Mistrust Trust-mistrust balance
Ordinary people in your settlement 73 8 65 68 12 56
Volunteers helping the army 67 14 53 63 16 47
Volunteers helping displaced people 65 11 54 61 14 47
Church 57 17 40 51 23 28
Armed Forces of Ukraine 53 24 30 51 27 24
Non-Governmental Organizations 37 25 13 41 25 16
Displaced people 35 20 14 37 21 16
Ukrainian mass media 26 43 -17 31 42 -11
Patrol police 33 33 1 30 45 -15
National police 23 44 -21 29 49 -20
Opposition 13 59 -46      
Pro-European opposition (“Batkivshchyna”, “Samopomich”, etc.) no such option no such option no such option 24 47 -23
Security Service of Ukraine 12 47 -35 21 48 -26
Opposition from the former government (“Oppozytsiynyi block”, “Za jyttia”) no such option no such option no such option 16 58 -42
President of Ukraine 14 69 -55 16 70 -54
Government of Ukraine 10 73 -63 11 74 -63
Russian mass media 2 76 -74 4 75 -71
Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine 5 82 -77 8 80 -72

 

Table 2. Regional distribution of trust to the President and opposition, % of respondents

Region President Pro-European opposition Opposition formed from the former government
Trust Mistrust Trust-mistrust balance, % Trust Mistrust Trust-mistrust balance, % Trust Mistrust Trust-mistrust balance, %
Western 17 67 -56 32 36 -4 12 63 -51
Central 19 67 -48 26 43 -17 12 59 -47
Southern 13 76 -63 17 56 -39 23 37 -14
Eastern 12 73 -61 14 59 -46 21 51 -30

 

Table 3. Regional distribution of trust to volunteers, % of respondents

Region Volunteers helping the army Volunteers helping displaced people
  Trust Mistrust Trust-mistrust balance, % Trust Mistrust Trust-mistrust balance, %
Western 70 11 59 60 13 47
Central 60 16 44 57 14 43
Southern 63 21 42 64 16 48
Eastern 59 15 44 66 12 54

 

Table 4. Regional distribution of trust to church, % of respondents

Region Church
  Trust Mistrust Trust-mistrust balance, %
Western 69 15 54
Central 42 28 14
Southern 45 23 22
Eastern 52 27 25

 

Table5. Regional distribution of trust to Armed Forces of Ukraine, % of respondents

Region Armed Forces of Ukraine
Trust Mistrust Trust-mistrust balance, %
Western 62 19 43
Central 52 26 26
Southern 49 32 17
Eastern 28 40 -12

 


29.1.2019
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