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How the Ukrainians plan to spend vacations, may, 2018

By Tatyana Piaskovska

On May 18-30. 2018. Kyiv International Institute of Sociology (KIIS) conducted an all-Ukrainian public opinion poll. Data were collected from 2025 respondents living in 108 settlements in all oblasts of Ukraine (except for the AR of Crimea) with the method of personal interviewing. The sample was stochastic, and it is representative of the population of Ukraine aged 18 and above.

In Luhansk and Donetsk oblasts survey was conducted only in the territories that are controlled by the Ukrainian government.

 

The statistical sampling error (with a probability of 0.95 and for a design effect of 1.5) does not exceed:

3.3% — for indexes close to 50%,

2.8% — for indexes close to 25%,

2.0% — for indexes close to 10%,

1.4% — for indexes close to 5%.

 

The study showed that as of the second half of May 2018. 64% of the Ukrainians do not plan to have a rest. Compared to 2017. this number has increased (it was 59%). The number of those who have no opportunity to go somewhere is 22% (and it was 24%).

A visa-free regime begins to influence the plans of the Ukrainians to go for the rest abroad. This year, 4% of respondents answered this way; this number did not rise above 2% during many previous years.

 

Moreover:

  • Rest in the Carpathians, and in other places of Ukraine is still the most popular option as it was a year ago (8%);

  • In the second place, there is a rest in “dachas” and country houses (7%)

  • The third place was shared by visiting relatives and traveling abroad, same 4%;

  • 1% of the respondents plan to go to Crimea, as it was a year ago

  • 12% of the respondents have not decided yet where to go on vacation.

 

By sex:

  • 45% of women and 37% of men plan to stay at home for rest

  • Among men, twice as many of those who plan to travel abroad (5%) than among women (3%).

No more significant differences were found.

By age:

  • The older is the age, the bigger is the number of those who plan to stay at home for the rest (18-29 years old - 25%, 70+ years – 72%). The same tendency is observed with the opportunities to go somewhere - the older is the age, the greater is the number of those who do not have the opportunity to go somewhere (18-29 years - 22%, 60-69 years - 28%).

  • Representatives of the youngest age group of 18-29 years are most likely to travel to the Carpathians and abroad (14% and 8%, respectively).

  • The biggest amount of those who plan to have a rest in “dachas” is among middle and older-aged people (8-9%) compared to young people (4%).

 

By the level of education:

  • Most of those who do not plan to go on vacation are among those with incomplete secondary and lower education (84%), the least – among those with the higher (48%)

  • The largest number of those who plan to travel somewhere within the country is concentrated among people with the secondary specialized and higher education: visiting relatives in the village is an option for 3% of the people with a secondary education, for 4% with the secondary specialized education, and for 6% with the higher education; trip to the Carpathians and other places of Ukraine is a choice of 13% of people with the higher education, 7% with secondary specialized education

  • The largest number of those who plan to go abroad is among people with higher education (8%).

 

By the level of financial well-being:

  • The number of those who will not go on vacation is inversely proportional to the level of financial well-being: the lower is the income, the more there is of those who do not go on vacation, and vice versa (see graph 1)

 

Graph 1.   How financial well-being affects the Ukrainians` plans for summer vacation



  • The biggest number of those who plan to go abroad is among those who can afford to buy expensive things (16%)

By the type of settlement:

  • There are big differences regarding the plans for a vacation among people who reside in different types of settlements - 79% of villagers do not plan to go anywhere, 56% of the city residents responded alike.

  • Among the villagers only 3% plan to travel to the country houses, cottages and villages, among the townspeople they are: 8% - to “dachas”, 5% - in the villages.

  • Those who plan to go to the Carpathians and other places of Ukraine are twice as many among urban residents (10%) compared with the villagers (5%).

The same situation is with a trip abroad - 5% of the urban residents, 2% - of the villagers

 

Addition 1. Formulations of the questions from the questionnaire

 

How do you plan to spend your summer vacation? CARD V1. ONE ANSWER

Will not have an opportunity to rest 1
Will stay at home 2
In  dacha, country house 3
Will visit relatives in the village 4
Will go to Crimea 5
Will go to the Carpathians and/or other places within Ukraine 6
Will travel abroad 7
DIFFICULT TO SAY 8
REFUSAL FROM ANSWERING 9

 

 

Addition 2.Tables

How do you plan to spend your summer vacation?

  Ukraine in general,2011 Ukraine in general, 2013 . Ukraine in general, 2014 . Ukraine in general, 2015 . Ukraine in general, 2016 . Ukraine in general, 2017 . Ukraine in general, 2018 .
Will not have an opportunity to rest 23.1 20.9 17.1 23.7 25.4   24.4   22.3
Will stay at home 43.3 47 45.1 43.8 37.5 36.8 41.3
Will stay out of home 28.9 24.7 23.2 17.2 25.0 27.2  24.4 
Out of them:              
In  dacha, country house 6.2 6 6.6 5.3 9.1   7.6   6.5
Will visit relatives in the village 5.1 4 4.1 4.0 4.9  5.4  4.3
Will go to Crimea (2014-18)* 0 0 2.4 0.8 1.3  1.1  1.2
Will go to the Carpathians and/or other places within Ukraine (2014 -18) 0 0 7.2 5.9 7.6    10.3    8.3
Will go to Crimea, the Carpathians and/or other places within Ukraine (before 2014) 16.3 12.6 0 0 0 0 0
Will travel abroad 1.3 2.1 2.9 1.2 2.1 2.9 4.1
DIFFICULT TO SAY 4.7 7.4 14.5 15.2 12.1  13.6  11.9
TOTAL 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

*) we ask about Crimea separately since 2014                                   

 By sex:

  male female
Will not have an opportunity to rest 25.1 20.1
Will stay at home 37.0 44.8
In  dacha, country house 5.7 7.2
Will visit relatives in the village 4.1 4.4
Will go to Crimea 1.6 0.8
Will go to the Carpathians and/or other places within Ukraine 8.4 8.3
Will travel abroad 5.0 3.4
DIFFICULT TO SAY 12.2 10.8
DENIAL FROM ANSWERING 0.9 0.3
TOTAL 100 100

By age:

  18-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 70 +
Will not have an opportunity to rest 21.9 19.5 23.8 23.9 27.9 17.9
Will stay at home 25.1 31.6 36.6 42.5 53.4 71.7
In  dacha, country house 6.5 4.0 8.0 8.6 8.4 3.6
Will visit relatives in the village 5.8 5.9 3.3 4.7 2.8 1.8
Will go to Crimea 2.3 2.1 0.6 1.4 0 0
Will go to the Carpathians and/or other places within Ukraine 13.7 11.2 10.1 6.7 3.2 1.1
Will travel abroad 8.4 5.6 3.3 3.1 1.2 0.4
DIFFICULT TO SAY 15.3 19.0 14.0 8.9 3.2 3.2
DENIAL FROM ANSWERING 0.9 1.1 0.3 0.3 0 0.4
TOTAL 100 100 100 100 100 100

 

By the level of education:

  Elementary education Secondary education Secondary specialized education Higher education
Will not have an opportunity to rest 26.8 27.9 20.7 17.4
Will stay at home 57.3 46.5 44.4 30.3
In  dacha, country house 3.8 2.5 8.9 8.8
Will visit relatives in the village 1.9 3.0 3.9 6.3
Will go to Crimea 0.6 1.2 1.2 1.2
Will go to the Carpathians and/or other places within Ukraine 1.9 5.5 7.4 13.3
Will travel abroad 1.3 3.0 2.0 7.6
DIFFICULT TO SAY 5.7 9.4 11.1 14.9
DENIAL FROM ANSWERING 0.6 1.0 0.3 0.3
TOTAL 100 100 100 100

 

 

By the level of financial well-being:

  We do not have enough money even for food We have money for food but buying clothes is troublesome We have money for food, clothes, and we can save some money We can afford to buy some expensive things We can afford to buy everything we want Difficult to say/ Do not know
Will not have an opportunity to rest 30.4 22.4 15.4 19.6 0.0 13.5
Will stay at home 49.2 43.3 23.5 8.7 11.1 21.6
In  dacha, country house 6.6 6.6 9.5 8.7 0.0 13.5
Will visit relatives in the village 4.7 3.6 9.0 4.3 22.2 5.4
Will go to Crimea 0.6 1.1 1.4 0 0 2.7
Will go to the Carpathians and/or other places within Ukraine 1.1 8.7 18.0 28.3 44.4 0
Will travel abroad 0.6 1.2 6.1 17.4 22.2 2.7
DIFFICULT TO SAY 6.6 12.4 16.7 13.0 0 35.1
DENIAL FROM ANSWERING 0.3 0.7 0.4 0 0 5.4
TOTAL 100 100 100 100 100 100

 

By the type of settlement:

  Urban population Rural population
Will not have an opportunity to rest 18.5 29.8
Will stay at home 37.4 49.0
In  dacha, country house 8.2 3.2
Will visit relatives in the village 5.1 2.6
Will go to Crimea 1.0 1.5
Will go to the Carpathians and/or other places within Ukraine 10.1 5.0
Will travel abroad 5.2 1.9
DIFFICULT TO SAY 13.9 6.6
DENIAL FROM ANSWERING 0.6 0.4
TOTAL 100 100

 

By regional distribution[i]:
  Macro regions
Western Central Southern Eastern
Will not have an opportunity to rest 27.0 19.4 26.0 13.2
Will stay at home 37.8 44.0 37.3 49.4
In  dacha, country house 5.0 7.6 6.9 6.4
Will visit relatives in the village 6.1 3.8 3.7 3.0
Will go to Crimea 1.3 0.7 1.8 1.1
Will go to the Carpathians and/or other places within Ukraine 9.7 9.3 7.9 3.4
Will travel abroad 5.1 3.5 4.3 3.0
DIFFICULT TO SAY 7.9 10.6 11.6 20.4
DENIAL FROM ANSWERING 100 100 100 100


[i] Western region:  Volynska, Zakarpatska, Ivano-Frankivska, Lvivska, Rivnenska, Ternopilska, Khmelnytska, Chernivets`ka oblasts; Central region: Kyiv city, Kyivs`ka, Vinnytska, Zhytomyrska, Kirovohradska, Poltavska, Sumska, Cherkaska, Chernihivska oblasts; South region: Dnipropetrovska, Zaporizka, Mykolaivska, Odeska, Khersonska oblasts; Eastern region:  Kharkivska oblast, only regions controlled by Ukraine in Donetska and Luhanska oblasts (without the temporarily occupied territories)

 


19.6.2018
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